GEN 3.5  Meteorological services

1.   RESPONSIBLE SERVICE

The meteorological services for civil aviation in Bosnia and Herzegovina are provided by the:
Post:Bosnia and Herzegovina Air Navigation Services Agency (BHANSA)
Ortiješ bb, P.P.133
88000 Mostar
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Phone:+387 36 281 011
Fax:+387 33 281 010
AFS:NIL
E-mailinfo@bhansa.gov.ba
URL:http://www.bhansa.gov.ba
Operational Unit:
Post:Bosnia and Herzegovina Air Navigation Services Agency (BHANSA)
Meteorological Watch Office of B&H
Aerodrom Banja Luka
Mahovljani bb
78250 Laktaši
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Phone:+387 51 337 570
Phone:+387 51 337 5731)
Fax:+387 51 337 571)
AFS:LQSBYMYX
E-mailbhmet@bhansa.gov.ba
URL:http://www.bhansa.gov.ba
  1. H24
The service is provided in accordance with the provisions contained in the following ICAO documents:
  • ICAO Annex 3 - Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation;
  • Doc 7754 - Air Navigation Plan / European Region;
  • Doc 8400 - PANS-ICAO Abbreviations and Codes;
  • Doc 7030 - Regional Supplementary Procedures;
  • Doc 8896 - Manual of Aeronautical Meteorological Practices;
  • Doc 9328 - Manual of Runway Visual Range Observing and Reporting Practices.

2.   AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY

Meteorological service is provided within Sarajevo FIR.

3.   METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AND REPORTS

Name of
station /
Location
indicator
Type and frequency
of observation/
automatic
observing
equipment
Types of MET
reports &
Availability of
trend forecasts
Observation System &
Site(s)
Hours of
operation
Climatological
information
123456
  1. During AD opening hours
  2. Only during the hours of service of the local MET office
  3. 2 HR before and during AD opening hours
SARAJEVO
LQSA
Half hourly1) /hourly plus special observations.

Automatic observation of: surface wind, temperature, humidity, pressure, height of cloud base and RVR.
METAR/SPECI
MET REPORT
/SPECIAL
TREND2)
RWY 11/29
- 2 cup anemometers (TDZ 11 & TDZ 29)
-1 transmissiometer (TDZ 11)
-1 scatter meter (TDZ 29)
-1 ceilometer (MM 11)
-1 sensor for temperature and humidity (TDZ 11)
-1 pressure sensor (TDZ 11)
H24Aerodrome climatological tables and summaries AVBL
BANJA LUKA
LQBK
Half hourly plus special observations.

Automatic observation of:
surface wind, temperature, humidity, pressure, height of cloud base and RVR.
METAR
MET REPORT
/SPECIAL
TREND
RWY 17/35
-2 cup anemometers (TDZ 17 & TDZ 35)
-2 scatter meters (TDZ 17 &TDZ 35)
-1 ceilometer (MM 17)
-1 sensor for temperature and humidity (TDZ 17)
-1pressure sensor (TDZ 17)
H24Aerodrome climatological tables and summaries AVBL
MOSTAR
LQMO
Half hourly3)/Half hourly plus special observations.

Automatic
observation of:
surface wind, temperature, humidity, pressure, height of cloud base and RVR.
METAR/SPECI
MET REPORT
/SPECIAL
RWY 15/33
-2 ultrasonic anemometers
(TDZ 15 & TDZ 33)-2 scatter meters (TDZ 33 & MID)
-2 ceilometers (RWY 33 & DVOR/DME MSR)-1 sensor for temperature and humidity (MET garden)-1 pressure sensor (TECH room)
H24Aerodrome climatological tables and summaries AVBL
TUZLA
LQTZ
Half hourly plus special observations.

Automatic
observation of:
surface wind, temperature, humidity, pressure, height of cloud base and RVR.
METAR/SPECI
MET REPORT
/SPECIAL
RWY 09/27
-2 cup anemometers (TDZ 09 & TDZ 27)
-2 scatter meters (TDZ 09 & TDZ 27)
-1 ceilometer (near MM 09)
-1 sensor for temperature and humidity (TDZ 09)
-1 pressure sensor (TDZ 09)
During ATS operating hours. 05:00 local time – until AD closing hours.Aerodrome climatological tables and summaries AVBL

4.   TYPES OF SERVICES

4.1   General
Issuance of documentation for flight crew members are provided at Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Mostar and Tuzla International airports during the airports opening hours.

Meteorological information for General aviation is provided at the following aerodromes:
Meteorological officePhoneFaxE-mail
1234
  1. In the opening airport hours
  2. H24
SARAJEVO1)+387 33 779 153+387 33 546 743sarajevo.met@bhansa.gov.ba
BANJA LUKA2)+387 51 337 573+387 51 337 571banjaluka.met@bhansa.gov.ba
MOSTAR1)+387 36 445 285+387 36 352 689mostar.met@bhansa.gov.ba
TUZLA1)+387 35 745 746+387 35 745 532tuzla.met@bhansa.gov.ba
Personal briefing and consultation for flight crew members are provided at Banja Luka (H24) and at Sarajevo during the airports opening hours. Briefing and consultation for flight crew members for Mostar and Tuzla are provided from Banja Luka.
4.2   Meteorological Information for flights above FL 150
Meteorological information includes flight documentation and briefing and consultation.

Meteorological flight documentation consists of:
  • METAR/SPECI for aerodrome of departure, destination and alternate aerodromes;
  • TAF for aerodrome of departure, destination and alternate aerodromes;
  • SIGWX charts and upper-wind/temperature charts;
  • SIGMET and SPECIAL AIREP en route.
The documentation issuing time should be as close as possible to the time of departure.

Briefing and/or consultation to flight crew members and/or other flight operations personnel are provided on request.
4.3   Meteorological Information for flights below FL 150
Meteorological information consists of documentation and/or briefing and consultation. The pilot shall state category of flight rules (VFR/IFR), destination, route and flying time and altitude.

Meteorological flight documentation consists of:
  • METAR/SPECI for aerodrome of departure, destination and alternate aerodromes;
  • TAF for aerodrome of departure, destination and alternate aerodromes;
  • SIGWX charts and upper-wind/temperature charts;
  • GAMET (area forecast for low level flights);
  • SIGMET and SPECIAL AIREP en route;
  • AIRMET en route.
Briefing consists of oral explanation of the actual and forecasted meteorological conditions for the area/route to be flown, supplemented by available satellite and radar pictures as follows:
  • meteorological synopsis;
  • surface wind;
  • surface visibility;
  • upper wind and temperature;
  • clouds (amount, type and height);
  • weather;
  • freezing level;
  • turbulence;
  • icing;
  • landing/aerodrome forecast.

5.   NOTIFICATION REQUIRED FROM OPERATORS

An operator requiring meteorological service or changes in existing meteorological service shall notify sufficiently in advance when:
  1. new routes or new types of operations are planned;
  2. changes of a lasting character are to be made in scheduled operations and;
  3. other changes, affecting the provision of meteorological service, are planned.
The aerodrome meteorological office shall be notified about:
  1. Scheduled flights:
    - within Europe: 24 hours prior to departure;
    - outside Europe:1 month prior to departure.
  2. Non-scheduled flights:
    - within Europe: 1.5 hour prior to departure;
    - outside Europe: 24 hours prior to departure.
  3. Delayed, advanced or cancelled flights as soon as operators are aware of.
The notification required for individual flights, needed by aerodrome meteorological office for the planning of appropriate arrangements, should contain the following:
  1. aerodrome of departure and estimated time of departure;
  2. destination and estimated time of arrival;
  3. route to be flown and estimated times of arrival at, and departure from, any intermediate aerodrome(s);
  4. alternate aerodromes needed to complete the operational flight plan and taken from the relevant list contained in the regional air navigation plan;
  5. cruising level;
  6. type of flight, whether under the visual or the instrumental flight rules;
  7. type of meteorological information requested for a flight crew member, whether flight documentation and/or briefing or consultation; and
  8. time(s) at which briefing, consultation and/or flight documentation are required.
In case of scheduled flights, when information from 5.3 was provided once, the requirement for some or all of listed information may be waived by agreement between the meteorological office and the operator.

6.   AIRCRAFT REPORTS

Routine Aircraft reports are not required within Sarajevo FIR.

Special Aircraft reports are required within Sarajevo FIR whenever one or more of the following conditions is encountered or observed:
  1. severe turbulence or;
  2. severe icing or;
  3. severe mountain waves or;
  4. thunderstorms, with or without hail, that are obscured, embedded, widespread or in squall lines or;
  5. heavy dust storm or heavy sandstorm or;
  6. volcanic ash clouds or;
  7. other meteorological conditions which, upon the opinion of the pilot, may affect the safety of air traffic.

7.   VOLMET SERVICE

Name of
station
Call Sign/
IDENT (EM)
FREQBroadcast
period
Hours of serviceFIR, Aerodromes
included
REP, FCST
SIGMET and
Remarks
1234567
  1. If available
BANJA LUKAVHF
VOLMET
BROADCAST
BANJA LUKA
135.775 MHZCONSH24SARAJEVO FIR(LQSB)SIGMET
BANJA LUKA(LQBK)METAR,TREND, TAF
SARAJEVO(LQSA)METAR,TREND1), TAF
MOSTAR(LQMO)METAR/SPECI, TAF
TUZLA(LQTZ)METAR/SPECI, TAF1)

8.   SIGMET AND AIRMET SERVICE

For the safety of air traffic, the meteorological service maintains an area meteorological watch and warning service. The service of a continuous weather watch within the FIR and the issuance of appropriate information (SIGMET, AIRMET) are provided by Meteorological Watch Office.

The area meteorological watch service is provided by Meteorological Watch Office Banja Luka.
8.1   SIGMET
SIGMET information gives a concise description in abbreviated plain language concerning the occurrence and/or expected occurrence of specified en-route weather phenomena, which may affect the safety of aircraft operations.
Name of
MWO/
location
indicators
HoursFIR or CTA
served
Type of
SIGMET
validity
Specific proceduresATS unit servedAdditional
information
1234567
BANJA LUKA
LQBK
H24SARAJEVO FIRSIGMET
4 HR
NILBHACC:
ATCU I SARAJEVO
ATCU II BANJA LUKA
NIL
8.2   AIRMET
AIRMET information gives a concise description in abbreviated plain language, concerning the occurrence or expected occurrence of specified en-route weather phenomena which have not been included in the GAMET.
Name of
MWO/
location
indicators
HoursFIR or CTA
served
Type of
SIGMET/
AIRMET
validity
Specific proceduresATS unit servedAdditional
information
1234567
BANJA LUKA
LQBK
H24SARAJEVO FIRAIRMET
4 HR
NILFIS BIH
(FIC BANJA LUKA)
NIL
AIRMET information are provided by MWO Banja Luka and refer to the portion of Sarajevo FIR from the ground up to FL 150.
8.3   AIRPORT WARNINGS
Airport warnings are provided at Banja Luka and Sarajevo airport during AD operating hours, when one or more of the following phenomena is observed or expected to occur at the airport:
  • thunderstorms;
  • hail;
  • snow (including the expected or observed snow accumulation);
  • freezing precipitation;
  • hoarfrost or rime;
  • strong surface wind gusts;
  • squall;
  • frost;
  • volcanic ash;
  • other phenomena as agreed locally.
Quantitative criteria, language on which warnings are issued, means by which warnings are supplied and distribution list are subject to local agreement.

9.   OTHER AUTOMATED METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES

NIL
9.1   AREA FORECAST
MWO Banja Luka issues GAMET area forecasts for low-level flights, up to FL 150, every 6 hours for a validity period of 6 hours.

GAMET area forecasts are available at all aerodrome meteorological offices in accordance with following table:
Time of issue (UTC)Validity period (UTC)
00000100 - 0700
06000700 - 1300
12001300 - 1900
18001900 - 0100
Sarajevo FIR is divided into five areas: W, C, N, E and S.