Contact

Post:

Ortiješ bb, P.P. 133
88000 Mostar Bosnia and Herzegovina

Tel:+387 36 446 224

Fax:+387 36 446 261

Email:aisbih@bhansa.gov.ba

URL:http://www.bhansa.gov.ba

AIC for BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

AIC

A 002/2014

Effective from 26 JUN 2014

Published on 26 JUN 2014

  VISUAL FLIGHT RULES - VFR
IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

1.   INTRODUCTION

Aeronautical Information Circular is intended to provide suitable overview of basic rules, requirements and method of service provision in accordance with visual flight rules in the airspace of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

AIC can by no means replace documents with pre-flight information and other information necessary for orderly flight
planning.

Regulations used in air traffic are given in the Aviation Law of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Aviation Law of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by-laws and rules available in English and the official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina can be found at the following address: www.bhdca.gov.ba

Illustrations are not intended to be used for the purpose of navigation but are attached for the sake of better understanding. The abbreviations used correspond to the standard ones customary in aviation.

2.   GENERAL INFORMATION

2.1   Legislation

Flights considered in this AIC shall be carried out in conformity with the regulations of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and Annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation.

The AIC does not address military air force of B&H and European Stabilization Forces (EUFOR) flights, and they are
herefore not subject to the limitations stated therein.

2.2   Pre-flight and flight information and briefing

Available aeronautical publications and maps necessary to conduct VFR flights can be obtained from the following address:
Post:

Ministry of Communications and Transport
Directorate of Civil Aviation
Pere Krece bb, 78 000 Banja Luka
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Tel:

++ 387 51 921 222

Fax:

++ 387 51 921 520

AFS:

LQBHYOYX

Email:

bhdca@bhdca.gov.ba

URL:

www.bhdca.gov.ba
Detailed information and specific requirements necessary for the conduct of VFR flights can be obtained at ARO at the following aerodromes:
OfficeHours of Operation - UTCTelephoneTelefaxAFTN
ARO Banja LukaH24+387 51 337 537+387 51 337 538LQBKZPZX
ARO Sarajevosee NOTAM+387 33 779 150+387 33 546 743LQSAZPZX
ARO Mostarsee NOTAM+387 36 352 209+387 36 352 069LQMOZPZX
ARO Tuzlasee NOTAM+387 35 745 530+387 35 745 532LQTZZPZX
Aeronautical information is available in English and in one of the official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and can be obtained:
- in writing
- by phone.

Flight plans are also submitted to the above mentioned ARO.

3.   FLIGHT PLANNING

No entry/exit special permission (diplo clearance) to operate within Bosnia and Herzegovina for General Aviation is required for aircraft registered in an ICAO member state with seat configuration of six (6) or less, including pilot seats. Flight plan will suffice.

International arrivals to/departures from uncontrolled aerodromes and airfields in Bosnia and Herzegovina are approved only upon intermediate landing at the suitable international aerodrome with organized customs and immigration control.

If customs and passport services are provided at an uncontrolled aerodrome or airfield, international arrivals/departures may be conducted without obligation to make intermediate landing at a suitable international aerodrome.

A flight plan shall be filed for the following flights:
- all VFR flight in a controlled airspace, except for flights within CTR during the hours of daylight;
- all VFR flights departing from or arriving at a controlled aerodrome;
- all VFR flights living / entering Bosnia and Herzegovina airspace;
- all VFR flights through restricted and dangerous zones while they are active if so specifically regulated at establishment such zones/areas.
- all night flights.

* Recommendation: a Flight plan shall be filed also for all VFR flights in an uncontrolled airspace for the purpose of gathering information and for the timely initiation and conduct of Search and Rescue actions by the Search and Rescue Coordination Centre at the Banja Luka Airport.
RCC Banja LukaOperational hoursTelephoneTelefaxAFTN
H24+387 51 1262+387 51 337 563+387 51 337 564+387 51 337 565+387 51 337 566LQBKYCYX
A Flight plan shall be filed no later than 60 minutes prior to EOBT.
In the event of delay in departure of 30 minutes or more for a flight for which a flight plan has been submitted, the flight plan shall be changed and a new one will be submitted after the cancellation of the old flight plan.
VFR and VFR/IFR flight plan shall be filed in the ARO at the departure aerodrome.

In case of absence or outside operation hours of ARO at the departure aerodrome, a flight plan shall be submitted to the nearest ARO in operation.
Flight plan may be submitted by telephone or telefax by using an appropriate FPL form.
If flight plan is submitted via telefax, submitter of the flight plan shall:
- after the transmission of the flight plan, immediately confirm by telephone the flight plan, otherwise the flight plan will
not be processed;
- use a prescribed or a computer FPL form to file a flight plan;
- legibly and without omissions fill in the FPL form;
- enclose a telephone/telefax contact number.
When a flight plan is submitted by telephone, the ICAO sequence of items in the flight plan form shall be strictly followed.
Submitter of the flight plan is responsible for:
- completeness and accuracy of data;
- acquisition of pre-flight information and necessary ATC approvals;
- check of the flight feasibility;
- complete addressing and transmission.
A flight plan may also be submitted in flight if so required by special circumstances, unknown before departure, except for flights which continue on after intermediate landing or for flights outside the borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A pilot may request, during flight, from a relevant ATC to cancel the IFR flight plan and to continue flight in VMC.
The relevant ATC will cancel the IFR flight plan and issue clearance to continue flight by VFR only if it is certain that the rest of the flight will be conducted in the VMC.
For all flights for which the flight plan has been submitted, and the departure is performed from uncontrolled aerodrome or airfields, an authorized person shall immediately submit departure message to the ARO. T
he departure message may be submitted to the relevant ATC, immediately after departure, also by the pilot via an appropriate radio communication procedure.
A take-off/departure report shall contain the following information:
- call sign of the aircraft;
- airport of departure;
- take-off time;
- airport of arrival;
- estimated time of arrival.
For flights for which a flight plan has been submitted, which are to land at an uncontrolled airport or airfield, the pilot shall submit an arrival message to the relevant ATC.
The arrival message may be submitted also via radio communication prior to landing at an uncontrolled aerodrome or airfield.
The arrival message shall be forwarded by the ATC that was last contacted by the pilot. If radio communication cannot be established, the message shall be forwarded by telephone or telefax.
For flights from/to controlled aerodromes, the TWR shall automatically forward this message by telephone or telefax to an ARO.
An arrival message shall contain the following information:
- call sign of the aircraft;
- airport of arrival;
- time of arrival;
- estimated time of landing.
For all flights for which a flight plan has been submitted, which are to land at an uncontrolled aerodrome or airfield, the pilot or an authorized person shall, immediately after the landing, submit the actual time of landing to the relevant ARO.
If for some reason the landing has not been completed at the planned aerodrome or airfield, the pilot shall inform the relevant ATC of the incurred changes in the flight plan, and of changing to another aerodrome or airfield of landing.

4.   AIRSPACE STRUCTURE

The airspace of Bosnia and Herzegovina is classified in accordance with ICAO guidelines.

4.1   Airspace classes in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Within Bosnia and Herzegovina the airspace is classified as C, D, E (*controlled) and G (*uncontrolled).

Airspace classes A, B and F have not been established

4.2   Airspace classes concept

Controlled airspace

Controlled airspace consists of:
- Control areas (CTA).
- Terminal control areas (TMA);
- Control zones (CTR)

The following airspace has been notified as Class “C” airspace;
- Sarajevo FIR from FL 100 to FL 660, outside Terminal control areas (TMAs).

The following airspace has been notified as Class “D” airspace:
- CTR Banja Luka: GND - 5500 FT AMSL
- CTA Banja Luka: 1000 FT AGL - 5500 FT AMSL.
- CTR Sarajevo: GND - 6000 FT AMSL
- CTR Mostar: GND - 6000 FT AMSL
- CTR Tuzla: GND - 5500 FT AMSL

The following airspace has been notified as Class “E” airspace:
- TMA Banja Luka: 1000 FT AGL - FL 120 (inclusive), outside CTR Banja Luka.
- TMA Sarajevo: 1000 FT AGL - FL 160, outside CTR Sarajevo.
- TMA Mostar: 1500 FT AGL - FL 160, outside CTR Mostar.
- TMA Tuzla: 1500 FT - FL 160, outside CTR Tuzla

Uncontrolled airspace
Class G airspace outside TMAs, CTRs and CTAs from GND to 9500 FT AMSL

* Controlled and uncontrolled airspace used as generic term

5.   VFR OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES

5.1   General rules

VFR flights are conducted in accordance with airspace classification (Appendix 1)
Within FIR Sarajevo the following VFR flights are permitted:
- during the hours of daylight – day (except NVFR flights);
- up to FL 200;
- in VMC (except SVFR flights);
- within and outside of the controlled airspace;
- with cruising levels according to the Annex 2, Appendix 3.
“Day“ is defined as the period from half an hour before sunrise (SR-30) to half an hour after sunset (SS+30).
GAT VFR flights at and below FL 195 shall be conducted:
- in the reserved airspace (temporary reserved airspace or its equivalent)
- in accordance with ATC clearance;
- in accordance with a special arrangement made with the relevant ATC
- in permanently or temporarily established “corridors” for VFR flights (VFR routes)

Note: In FIR Sarajevo, no permanent or temporary corridors for VFR flights have been established so far.
GAT VFR flights at altitudes above FL 195 including FL 285 shall be conducted:
- in the reserved airspace (temporary reserved airspace or its equivalent)
- in accordance with the appropriate ATC clearance, subject to a prescribed and published procedure.
En–route GAT VFR flights above FL 195 will not be permitted.
GAT VFR flights above FL 290 shall only be approved within the reserved airspace (temporary or equivalent).
Rules applicable to a reserved part of airspace at and above FL 290 are not subject to implementation of the reduced
vertical separation minimum of 300 M (1000 FT).
Conduct of VFR flights above FL 290 in the airspace where the vertical separation minimum of 300 M (1000 FT) is applied shall not be approved.
During VFR flights in FIR Sarajevo, radio telephone communication is conducted using standard radio telephone communication using the standard R/T phraseology in English or in one of the official languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Entry into/exit from controlled airspace may be conducted upon approval of the relevant ATC and under its specified
conditions only.
Where traffic loads and airspace situation demand so, the appropriate air traffic control service may, to a space- and
time-limited extent, completely or partially, prohibit the conduct of VFR flights in controlled airspace.

5.2   VFR Meteo Minimum

VFR flight may be conducted if meteo conditions are the same as or better than:

5.3   Special VFR flights (SVFR)

Special VFR Flight is a VFR flight cleared by air traffic control to operate within a control zone in meteorological conditions below VMC.

SVFR flights may be conducted:
- during the hours of daylight - day;
- if flight visibility is at least 1500 M,
- as subject to ATC clearance;
- within CTR;
- within CTR- individually only;
- at a speed adjusted to the meteo conditions.

The relevant ATC shall issue approval to conduct SVFR under the following conditions only:
- if traffic situation permits so;
- if the pilot is trained for such flights;
- if the aircraft is equipped with the appropriate radio and navigation equipment;
- if the ground visibility is at least 1500 M, for helicopters 800 M;
- if the ceiling is at least 150 M (500 FT).

When performing special VFR flights, the pilot shall adhere to:
- minimum safe altitude;
- minimum meteo conditions according to class “G” airspace values.

In control zones, special VFR (SVFR) flights are separated from other IFR and SVFR flights according to standards applicable to IFR flight separation.

5.4   Flights above clouds

VFR flights above clouds are permitted if:
- the pilot is trained for such flights;
- the aircraft is equipped with a device for radio communication and pilot is certified to conduct air ground communication;
- the pilot is able to adhere to the intended flight route without entering the clouds;
- the approach to the destination aerodrome and landing in VMC are permitted;
- the height above ground or water is at least 300 M (1000 FT) and the visual flight rules as in airspace class “E” are complied with.

5.5   Flights at night

“Night flight” is defined as a flight performed in the period from half an hour after sunset (SS+30) to half an hour before
sunrise (SR-30).

VFR flights at night are permitted in accordance with appropriate VFR provided that the following conditions have been
met:
- VMC and visual reference to ground;
- ceiling at 1500 FT or more, ground visibility 8 KM or more;
- pilot trained for that kind of flight;
- aircraft are appropriately equipped for NVFR;
- aircraft has suitable radio and navigation equipment;
- transponder is used when flying outside CTR;
- radio communication established in class E and G airspace;
- flight plan has been submitted.

Besides the above conditions and restrictions, the following provisions too shall apply to night flights in the aerodrome
or airfield zones:
- the aerodrome has to comply with the conditions for night flights;
- runway lights and obstacle lights have to be visible from every part of the aerodrome zone.

5.6   Altimeter setting

Transition Altitude in FIR Sarajevo is 9500 FT.
On VFR flights at and below 9500 FT MSL the pilot shall set the altimeter to the QNH value of the controlled aerodrome nearest to the route of flight.
At a height above 3000 FT (900 M) MSL or 1000 FT (300 M) over obstacles whichever is the higher, all VFR flights in
en-route phase are to be carried out at altitude or flight level corresponding to the semicircular rule (Appendix 3).

At 3000 FT and below all VFR flights are to be carried out at altitude freely selected.

On VFR flights within CTR below 9500 FT, the pilot shall set the altimeter to the QNH value of the respective controlled aerodrome.

On VFR flights at uncontrolled aerodrome or airfields, altimeter shall be set in accordance with respective Aerodrome
Operating Instructions.

The actual QNH can be obtained from air traffic control units at controlled aerodrome.

5.7   Minimum separation

In the separation of VFR from IFR flights the following minima shall be taken into account:
- minimum separation in airspace classes C, D and E is 300 M (1000 FT).

5.8   Other regulated airspace

Restricted and danger areas, and other specially regulated areas, with accurate descriptions, lateral and altitude limits,
published in a corresponding aeronautical publication (see NOTAM and AIC).

They are active only when notified by NOTAM.

5.9   Flights in Class C and D Airspace

VFR flights within these airspace classes may be conducted as required below:
- Aircraft shall be equipped with appropriate radio navigation equipment;
- Pilot shall be trained for such flights;
- Pilot shall contact the relevant ATC unit at least 5 minutes prior to entering Class C or D Airspace;
- Radio-telephone communication shall be provided in the English language;
- Flights shall be conducted in accordance with ATC instructions and clearances only;
- For a VFR flight conducted through several FIRs or sectors, exchange of information between relevant air traffic control units shall be performed at points and as defined in mutual Letter of Agreements.

5.10   Use of aerodromes

For VFR flights, the following are available:
- international aerodromes with organized customs and passport services;
- public airfields for powered aircraft flights and glider flights;

5.11   Flights at Controlled Aerodromes

At controlled aerodromes, ATC clearances are required for taxiing, take-off/landing, entering into traffic circuit, etc.
All operations shall be conducted in accordance with ATC instructions and clearances, or Visual Approach/Departure
Charts/Procedures, where existing. For more details regarding VFR Approach/Departure Charts, see AIP BIH, AD section.

5.12   Flights at Uncontrolled Aerodromes/Airfields

No ATC is provided at such aerodromes/airfields. They are mostly equipped with an air-ground communication station and can be recognised by the call sign “INFO and name of aerodrome/airfield location” (e.g. INFO PRIJEDOR).
A flight manager or another person authorized by a flight organizer shall be responsible for the safe and orderly flow of aerodrome traffic.
Info frequency 124.500 MHz.

5.13   Minimum Safe Heights

The following minimum flight altitudes apply to VFR flights:
- over towns, and other densely populated areas and assemblies of persons, at least 300 meters (1000 FT) above the highest obstacle within a 600 M radius from the aircraft position;
- in all other cases at least 150 M (500 FT) above ground or water.
These provisions do not apply to flights for the purposes of emergency medical assistance, search and rescue flights, and special-purpose flights.

5.14   Regulations for Gliders

Glider flights are permitted:
- during the hours of daylight – day;
- in VMC;
- within uncontrolled airspace;
- within controlled airspace.

Glider flights above Transition Altitude, or 9500 FT, shall be approved only if traffic conditions permit so.

5.15   Wave Flying of Gliders

In favourable weather conditions, such flights may be conducted above Class E and G airspace with prior co-ordination with and approval from relevant ATC.

Pilots shall maintain listening watch of a frequency assigned by the relevant ATC and comply with the given instructions.

5.16   Motor-glider Operations

The same rules as for power-driven glider flights apply for motor gliders with running engines.

5.17   Hang- and paraglider activity

The operation of hang- and paraglider is permitted:
- during the hours of daylight – day;
- in VMC;
- outside controlled airspace;
- within Class E Airspace ONLY with a special approval by the Civil Aviation Directorate and acceptance by relevant ATC service;

Take off is permissible everywhere except in densely populated areas and off buildings. The approval of the landowner is required.

Organized flying (5 or more hang or para-gliders) is permitted only from registered take-off places.

5.18   Parachute jumping

Parachute jumping is permitted:
- during the hours of daylight – day;
- in VMC;
- outside controlled airspace;
- within controlled airspace ONLY with the approval of relevant ATC.

For off-field landings an approval of Ministry of Communication and Transport, BHDCA is required.

Night parachute jumps will be permitted subject to special conditions.

5.19   Free ballooning

Free ballooning is permitted:
- during the hours of daylight - day;
- in VMC;
- outside controlled airspace;
- within controlled airspace ONLY with the approval of relevant ATC and mandatory ascent announcement at least one hour prior to ascent.

Free ballooning during the night is ONLY permitted with the approval of relevant ATC and ascent announcement.

5.20   Ultra light Flights

The operation of ultra light aircraft is permitted:
- during the hours of daylight - day;
- in VMC;
- outside controlled airspace;
- within Class E Airspace ONLY with the approval of relevant ATC.

For flying within controlled airspace class C, D, and E is required:
- with approval from the Ministry of Communication and Transport, BHDCA;
- with approval of relevant ATC.

Ultra light aircraft shall take off and land at registered airfields only.

5.21   Acrobatic Flights

Acrobatic flights are permitted:
- during the hours of daylight - day;
- in VMC;
- outside controlled airspace;
- within controlled airspace ONLY with the approval of relevant ATC;
- above 500 M (1700 FT ) GND.

Acrobatic flights are not permitted over densely populated areas, fire areas or areas where there is high risk of fire or explosion as well as over open air assemblies of persons.

6.   ADDITIONAL REGULATIONS

6.1   Radio and Navigation Equipment

Compulsory and Recommended Equipment:

6.2   Radio communication

Aircraft, helicopters, motor gliders, gliders, air ships and free balloons with crew shall for VFR flights be equipped with one UKV transceiver covering at least those frequencies in the frequency range from 117.975 MHZ to 137.000 MHZ which are required to conduct a planned flight, except for flights by day in uncontrolled airspace and at uncontrolled aerodromes and airfields.

Aircraft conducting flights above FL 195 must be equipped with transceivers with a channel gap of 8.33 KHZ.

Radio communication is compulsory:
- for flights conducted in Class C and D,
- for flights conducted at night – night flights.

6.3   SSR Transponder

It should have the ability to transmit A and C modes.

Mode A 2000 may be mounted onto the SSR Transponder without request unless the appropriate ATC service has specified a different one:
- for flights arriving at/departing from controlled airports;
- for flights entering the Class C and D airspace;
- for VFR flights crossing FIR boundary – international VFR flights;
- for night flights.

The relevant ATC may instruct the pilot to change the ATC code, or to switch off the transponder.

This procedure does not apply to VFR flights in the aerodrome traffic circuit.

The use of transponder does not imply that VFR flights are radar controlled in class E or G airspace. It is intended to provide traffic information to VFR or IFR flights and flights of military aircraft.

In order to announce emergency situation, an aircraft equipped with an SSR transponder shall set the transponder as follows:
- to Mode A 7700 - emergencies;
- to Mode A 7600 – two-way radio communication failure;
- to Mode A 7500 – hijacking.

6.4   GPS receiver

The use of a GPS receiver is recommended.

6.5   ELT (Emergency Locator Transmitter)

An ELT is recommended on board all VFR aircraft.
Pilots of aircraft equipped with an Emergency Locator Transmitter are responsible to examine the operational status of the device before each take-off and landing in order to avoid false alerts due to mishandling, pilot negligence or hard landing, shock damage during ground manoeuvring, acrobatic flights, etc.

If for some reason, after an emergency landing, the emergency landing location shall be evacuated / abandoned, the passengers must take the ELT with them.

The search for people has priority over the search for aircraft.

7.   CONTINGENCIES

7.1   Emergencies (7700)

If a pilot is experiencing in-flight difficulties with the aircraft, he must inform the appropriate ATC (FIC, TWR, APP, ACC) of the type of the problem, degree of danger, actions he is undertaking or going to undertake in order to reduce or eliminate the danger, as well as of the type of assistance if possible and necessary.

The pilots can use frequency 121.500 MHz.

7.2   Radio Failure (7600)

- in case of radio communication failure or unsuccessful radio communication with the relevant ATC, a pilot shall continue with the attempts to establish radio communication by using other ground stations or radio stations of other aircraft, emergency frequency;
- continue blind transmission of all planned activities (change of frequency, etc.)
- for flights where maintaining radio communication is compulsory, set the transponder to Code 7600,provided that it exists on board the aircraft;
- if radio failure occurred before the relevant ATC gave clearance to enter controlled airspace, the aircraft shall bypass the controlled airspace, land at an uncontrolled airport or airfield and inform the ATC thereof.
- if radio failure occurs after entering a controlled airspace, the pilot shall continue flight in accordance with the last received and confirmed clearance from the relevant ATC, and, if this is not possible, leave the controlled airspace via the shortest path, taking into account VFR meteo minima;
- aircraft flying by VFR may enter a controlled airspace only if the pilot has previously been given the ATC clearance, or if circumstances do not allow for landing at an uncontrolled airport (lack of fuel, winter weather conditions, etc.);

8.   METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION FOR VFR FLIGHTS

8.1   General

Meteorological information for VFR Flights is normally supplied upon request by a pilot or its organisation by telephone or as briefing directly in the Meteorological office. Personal briefing, consultation and issuance of flight documentation are provided at Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Mostar and Tuzla International airports during the airports opening hours.

8.2   Meteorological information for flights below FL 150

Meteorological information includes flight documentation and briefing and consultation. The pilot shall state category of flight rules (VFR/IFR), destination, route and flying time and altitude, documentation language.

Meteorological flight documentation consists of:
• METAR/SPECI for aerodrome of departure, destination and alternate aerodromes,
• TAF for aerodrome of departure, destination and alternate aerodromes,
• SIGWX charts and upper-wind/temperature charts,
• GAMET (area forecast for low level flights),
• SIGMET and SPECIAL AIREP en route,
• AIRMET en route.

Briefing consists of oral explanation of the actual and forecasted meteorological conditions for the area/route to be flown, supplemented by available satellite and radar pictures as follows:
• Meteorological synopsis
• Surface wind
• Surface visibility
• Upper wind and temperature
• Clouds (amount, type and height)
• Weather
• Freezing level
• Turbulence
• Icing
• Landing/aerodrome forecast

Documentation is supplemented by the information about meteorological information and forecast for the aerodrome of departure, arrival and alternative aerodrome.

9.   SERVICES FOR VFR FLIGHTS

9.1   ARO Office

ARO provides all documents necessary for flight planning and performs flight plan handling and distribution.

Basic documents for pre-flight planning and conduct of VFR flights are:
- Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP)
- AIC
- NOTAM
- AIP SUP
- special regulations

9.2   Flight Information Service

For provision of flight information service within the uncontrolled airspace class “G” of FIR Sarajevo is responsible and accountable Flight information Center Banja Luka under the conditions and limitations specified in the following table:

9.3   Alerting Service, Search and Rescue Service

All air traffic control units providing services within FIR Sarajevo shall participate in the provision of alerting services for all flights for which a flight plan has been filed or ATC clearance issued or which are otherwise known to ATC. The relevant ATC shall, immediately after having learned that the aircraft is in the state of emergency, alert and assists the Search and Rescue Coordination Centre of Banja Luka which shall then declare specific stages of emergency depending on the degree of emergency that the aircraft is experiencing and initiate a SAR as required.

9.4   Air Traffic Control Services

For the provision of air traffic control services in FIR Sarajevo are responsible and accountable:
- aerodrome control (TWR);
- approach control service (APP);
- area control service (ACS).
under the conditions and limitations specified in the following tables:

Table 2: Approach control services

Area control services are provided by the ACC Zagreb in accordance with the Agreement on delegation of responsibility for the provision of air traffic service in the lower airspace within FIR Sarajevo from FL100 to FL285 outside TMAs, CTRs and CTAs, between BHDCA and Croatia Control Limited.

10.   REPORTING ON THREATS TO AIR TRAFFIC SAFETY AND AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS

The BH DCA shall be advised of hazardous or potentially hazardous incidents and defects (hereafter referred to as occurrences).

Reports shall be made whenever the safety of the aircraft has been compromised (incident and serious incident) or aircraft accident occur the BHDCA immediately, in written form.

As exception, aircraft proximity and violation of rules and procedures shall be immediately reported to an relevant ATC Unit.

Reports shall be made using the prescribed forms, available in ARO at controlled aerodromes.

11.   ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS

11.2   Definitions

When the following terms are used in the International Standards for Rules of the Air, they have the following meanings:

Acrobatic flight. Manoeuvres intentionally performed by en aircraft involving an abrupt change in its altitude, an abnormal attitude, or an abnormal variation in speed.

Advisory airspace. An airspace of defined dimensions, or designated route, within which air traffic advisory service is available.

Advisory route. A designated route along which air traffic advisory service is available.

Aerodrome. A defined area on land or water (including any buildings, installations and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival, departure and surface movement of aircraft.

Aerodrome control service. Air traffic control service for aerodrome traffic.

Aerodrome control tower. A unit established to provide air traffic control service to aerodrome traffic.

Aerodrome traffic. All traffic on the manoeuvring area of an aerodrome and all aircraft flying in the vicinity of an aerodrome.

Aerodrome traffic zone. An airspace of defined dimensions established around an aerodrome for the protection of aerodrome traffic.

Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP). A publication issued by or with the authority of a State and containing aeronautical information of a lasting character essential to air navigation.

Aircraft. Any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the other than the reactions of the air against the earth’s surface.

Air traffic. All aircraft in flight or operating on the manoeuvring area of an aerodrome.

Air traffic control clearance. Authorization for an aircraft to proceed under conditions specified by an air traffic control unit.

Air traffic control service. A service provided for the purpose of:
a) preventing collisions
1) between aircraft, and
2) on the manoeuvring area between aircraft and obstructions, and
b) expediting and maintaining an orderly flow of air traffic

Air traffic control unit. A generic term meaning variously, area control centre, approach control unit or aerodrome control tower.

Air traffic service. A generic term meaning variously, flight information service, alerting service, air traffic advisory service, air traffic control service (area control service, approach control service or aerodrome control service).

Air traffic services reporting office. A unit established for the purpose of receiving reports concerning air traffic services and flight plans submitted before departure.

Air traffic services unit. A generic term meaning variously, air traffic control unit. flight information centre or air traffic services reporting office.

Airway. A control area or portion thereof established in the form of a corridor.

Alerting service. A service provided to notify appropriate organizations regarding aircraft in need of search and rescue aid, and assist such organizations as required.

Alternate aerodrome. An aerodrome to which an aircraft may proceed when it becomes either impossible or inadvisable to proceed to or to land at the aerodrome of intended landing.

Altitude. The vertical distance of a level, a point or an object considered as a point, measured from mean sea level
(MSL).

Approach control service. Air traffic control service for arriving or departing controlled flights.

Apron. A defined area, on a land aerodrome, intended to accommodate aircraft for purposes of loading or un loading passengers, mail or cargo, fuelling, parking or maintenance.

Area control centre. A unit established to provide air traffic control service to controlled flights in control areas under its jurisdiction.

ATS route. A specified route designed for channelling the flow of traffic as necessary for the provision of air traffic service.

Ceiling. The height above the ground or water of the base of the lowest layer of cloud below 6000 meters (20000 FT) covering more than half the sky.

Control area. A controlled airspace extending upwards from a specified limit above the earth.

Controlled aerodrome. An aerodrome at which air traffic control service is provided to aerodrome traffic.

Controlled airspace. An airspace of defined dimensions within which air traffic control service is provided in accordance with the airspace classification.

Controlled flight. Any flight which is subject to an air traffic control clearance.

Control zone. A controlled airspace extending upwards from the surface of the earth to a specified upper limit.

Cruising level. A level maintained during significant portion of flight.

Danger area. An airspace of defined dimensions within which activities dangerous to the flight of aircraft may exist at a specified times.

Estimated time of arrival. For IFR flights, the time at which it is estimated that the aircraft will arrive over that designated point, defined by reference to navigation aids, from which it is intended that an instrument approach procedure will be commenced, or, if no navigation aid is associated with the aerodrome, the time at which the aircraft will arrive over the aerodrome. For VFR flights, the time at which it is estimated that the aircraft will arrive over the aerodrome.

Expected approach time. The time at which ATC expects that an arriving aircraft, following a delay, will leave the holding fix to complete its approach for landing.

Flight information centre. A unit established to provide flight information service and alerting service.
Flight information region. An airspace of defined dimensions within which flight information service and alerting service are provided.

Flight information service. A service provided for the purpose of giving advice and information useful for the safe and efficient conduct of flights.

Flight level. A surface of constant atmospheric pressure which is related to a specific pressure datum, 1013,2 hectopascals (hPa), and is separated from other such surfaces by specific pressure intervals.

Flight plan. Specified information provided to air traffic services units, relative to an intended flight or portion of a flight of an aircraft.

Flight visibility. The visibility forward from the cockpit of an aircraft in flight.

Ground visibility. The visibility at an aerodrome, as reported by an accredited observer or by automatic systems.

Heading. The direction in which the longitudinal axis of an aircraft is pointed, usually expressed in degrees from North (true, magnetic, compass or grid).

Height. The vertical distance of a level, a point or an object considered as a point, measured from specified datum.

IFR. The symbol used to designate the instrument flight rules.

IFR flight. A flight conducted in accordance with the instrument flight rules.

IMC. The symbol used to designate instrument meteorological conditions.

Instrument approach procedure. A series of predetermined manoeuvres by reference to flight instruments with specified protection from obstacles from the initial approach fix, or where applicable, from the beginning of a defined arrival route to a point from which a landing can be completed and thereafter, if a landing is not completed, to a position at which holding or en-route obstacle clearance criteria apply.

Instrument meteorological conditions. Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of visibility, distance from cloud, and ceiling, less than the minima specified for visual meteorological conditions.

Level. A generic term relating to the vertical position of an aircraft in flight and meaning variously, height, altitude or flight level.

Manoeuvring area. That part of an aerodrome to be used for the take-off, landing and taxiing of aircraft, excluding aprons.

Pilot-in-command. The pilot designated by the operator, or in a case of general aviation, the owner, as being in command and charged with the safe conduct of a flight.

Prohibited area. An airspace of defined dimensions, above the land areas or territorial waters of a State, within which the flight of aircraft is prohibited.

Reporting point. A specified geographical location in relation to which the position of an aircraft can be reported.

Restricted area. An airspace of defined dimensions, above the land areas or territorial waters of a State, within which the flight of aircraft is restricted in accordance with certain specified conditions.

Runway. A defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and take-off of aircraft.

Runway-holding position. A designated position intended to protect a runway, an obstacle limitation surface, or an ILS/MLS critical/sensitive area at which taxiing aircraft and vehicles shall stop and hold, unless otherwise authorized by the aerodrome control tower.

Special VFR flight. A VFR flight cleared by air traffic control to operate within a control zone in meteorological conditions below VMC.

Taxiing. Movement of an aircraft on the surface of an aerodrome under its own power, excluding take-off and landing.

Taxiway. A defined path on a land aerodrome established for the taxiing of aircraft and intended to provide a link between one part of the aerodrome an another.

Terminal control area. A control area normally established at the confluence of ATS routes in the vicinity of one or more major aerodromes.

Track. The projection on the earth’s surface of the path of an aircraft, the direction of which path at any point is usually expressed in degrees from North (true, magnetic or grid).

Traffic information. Information issued by an air traffic services unit to alert a pilot to other known or observed air traffic which may be in proximity to the position or intended route of flight and to help the pilot to avoid a collision.

Transition altitude. The altitude at or below which the vertical position of an aircraft is controlled by reference to altitudes.

Unmanned free balloon. A non-power-driven, unmanned, lighter-than-air aircraft in free flight.

VFR. The symbol used to designate the visual flight rules.

VFR flight. A flight conducted in accordance with the visual flight rules.

Visibility. Visibility for aeronautical purposes is the greater of:
a) the greatest distance at which a black object of suitable dimensions, situated near the ground, can be seen and recognized when observed against a bright background;
b) the greatest distance at which lights in the vicinity of 1000 candelas can be seen and identified against an unlit background

Visual meteorological conditions. Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of visibility, distance from cloud, and ceiling, equal to or better than specified minima.

VMC. The symbol used to designate visual meteorological conditions.